While unveiling the policy, Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath said that it is aimed at stabilising the population in the state and reducing maternal and infant deaths in a time-bound manner as he termed rising population a “hurdle in development”.
This comes days after a draft bill on population control was put up on the website of the Uttar Pradesh law commission inviting suggestions from the public till July 19.
What is population draft bill?
The bill states that people having more than two children in Uttar Pradesh will be debarred from contesting local bodies polls, applying for government jobs or receiving any kind of subsidy.
It also seeks to prohibit promotions in government jobs for such people, while offering incentives to those limiting their children to two.
Why is this necessary?
The law panel said that it is necessary to implement the policy for reasons such as:
*To control and stabilise the population of the state for the promotion of sustainable development with more equitable distribution.
*To ensure healthy birth spacing through measures related to augmenting the availability, accessibility.
*Affordability of quality reproductive health services to achieve the goal of population control, stabilisation and its welfare in the state.
*To achieve population stabilisation and reduce preventable maternal and infant deaths.
*To prevent the death of children under the age of 5 years and improving their nutritional condition.
*To bring down the gross fertility rate among women to 2.1 by 2026 and to 1.9 by 2030.
*To make comprehensive arrangements for the care of the elderly, apart from better management of education, health, and nutrition of adolescents between 11 to 19 years.
Whom will it apply to?
The provision of this legislation shall apply to a married couple where the boy is not less than 21 years of age and the girl is not less than 18.
What are the incentives?
Public servants who adopt the two-child norm will get these benefits:
- Two additional increments during the entire service.
- Maternity or paternity leave of 12 months, with full salary and allowances.
- 3% increase in the employer’s contribution fund under the
National Pension Scheme.
How will it operate?
*A state population fund will be constituted for its implementation.
*Maternity centres will be set up at all primary health centres.
*The centres and NGOs will distribute contraceptive pills, condoms, spread awareness about family planning methods through community health workers and ensure mandatory registration of pregnancies, deliveries, births and deaths across the state.
*A compulsory subject relating to population control in all secondary schools shall be introduced.
*Efforts will be made to increase the accessibility of contraceptive measures issued under the Family Planning Programme and provide a proper system for safe abortion.
*Through improved health facilities, efforts will be made for population stabilisation by providing accessible solutions to impotence/infertility and reducing the newborns’ and maternal mortality rate.
If enacted, the provisions of the proposed legislation titled The Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilization and Welfare) Bill, 2021 will come into force after one year from the date of publication in the Gazette, according to the UP State Law Commission (UPSLC) website.
(With agency inputs)