First bird flu death in India: All you want to know about Avian influenza virus | India News

First bird flu death in India: All you want to know about Avian influenza virus | India News


NEW DELHI: India has reported the first case of human death due to bird flu, the strain of influenza virus that primarily affects birds.
An 11-year-old boy, admitted to AIIMS on July 2, was confirmed dead due to bird flu on Tuesday. Contact tracing to identify people who might have been in close proximity with the boy is being undertaken.
Here is all you want to know about Bird flu or Avian influenza:

  1. WHAT IS BIRD FLU OR AVIAN INFLUENZA
    Not all avian influenza viruses can affect humans. However, some can cause severe disease in them. Avian influenza H5N8 virus, commonly known as bird flu, is one of them. It attacks the lungs, nose and throat. It’s a contagious respiratory illness and has symptoms similar to common cold
  2. SYMPTOMS
    Initial stage: Sore throat, sneezing, runny nose

    Later stage: Fever, muscle pain, body chills, sweating, headache, dry cough, nasal congestion, fatigue

  3. HIGH-RISK GROUPS

    Children under the age of 2 and adults over 65

    Those with comorbidities

    Women who are pregnant or have recently given birth

  4. HOW HUMANS MAY GET INFECTED

    Person-to-person spread of bird flu is not common. Those who work in close contact with infected birds, dead or alive, or eat uncooked or half-cooked poultry products are at risk
  5. DIRECT CONTACT (MOST COMMON)Human can get infected after touching infected bird and then touching their eyes, nose or mouth
  6. CONTAMINATED SURFACES

    A healthy looking bird can also spread the virus through its droppings on surfaces
  7. VIRUS IN THE AIR
    It may be in the air in the form of droplets or dust after an infected bird flaps its wings of shakes. Humans can get the virus if they inhale it
  8. BIRD-TO-BIRD TRANSMISSION

    Some bird species like ducks and geese are considered to be natural reservoirs of influenza type-A virus. They can spread the disease through their droppings.
  9. HOW TO STAY SAFE

    Avoid exposure like coming in direct or close contact with infected poultry Avoid consuming Cooking at uncooked or partially high heat kills cooked chicken and eggs Cooking at high heat kills the virusIf in direct contact with birds, influenza antiviral drugs can be taken as a preventive measure





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